Pension Benefit Obligation - PBO

An accounting term used to describe the amount of money a company must pay into a defined-benefit pension plan to satisfy all pension entitlements that have been earned by employees up to that date. The pension benefit obligation (PBO) is calculated by an actuary, who determines the benefits needed through a present value calculation.

A pension benefit obligation is a calculation of the total amount due to employees in the pension fund for all of the past service completed up to that date. Some of the assumptions an actuary will use to calculate the PBO include, but are not limited to, the estimated remaining service life of employees, salary raises and the mortality rates of employees.

Although a PBO is classified as a liability on the balance sheet, there is considerable criticism about whether it meets the predefined criteria of a liability, which are:

a) There is a responsibility to surrender an asset from the result of the transaction(s) taking place at a specified future date.
b) The company must surrender assets for the liability at some future point in time.
c) The transaction resulting in the liability has already taken place.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • accumulated benefit obligation — ( ABO) The actuarial present value of the pension benefits earned to date. Measurement of the accumulated benefit obligation uses the historical compensation rates for pay related benefit plans. The ABO must be disclosed in a footnote to the… …   Financial and business terms

  • Accumulated Benefit Obligation — An approximate measure of a company s pension plan liability. The accumulated benefit obligation (ABO) is estimated based on the assumption that the pension plan is to be terminated immediately; it does not consider any future salary increases.… …   Investment dictionary

  • Vested Benefit Obligation - VBO — The actuarial present value of pension plan benefits belonging to employees of an organization. The vested benefit obligation (VBO) is one measure of a pension fund s liability. The VBO only considers benefits that have vested in an employee, as… …   Investment dictionary

  • Collateralized debt obligation — Financial markets Public market Exchange Securities Bond market Fixed income Corporate bond Government bond Municipal bond …   Wikipedia

  • Collateralized mortgage obligation — Financial markets Public market Exchange Securities Bond market Fixed income Corporate bond Government bond Municipal bond …   Wikipedia

  • defined benefit plan — A pension or other employee benefit plan that provides specified amounts of benefits to eligible participants. The specified amounts of benefits are usually determined based upon age, years of service, and/or levels of compensation. American… …   Financial and business terms

  • Target benefit plan — A target benefit plan is a type of pension plan that contains features of a defined contribution plan but is made to appear like a defined benefit plan. It is similar to defined benefit plan in that the annual contribution is determined by a… …   Wikipedia

  • Money-Purchase Pension Plan — A pension plan to which employers and employees make contributions based on a percentage of annual earnings, in accordance with the terms of the plan. Upon retirement, the total pool of capital in the member s account can be used to purchase a… …   Investment dictionary

  • Defined benefit plan — A pension plan in which the sponsor agrees to make specified dollar payments to qualifying employees. The pension obligations are effectively the debt obligation of the plan sponsor. Related: defined contribution plan …   Financial and business terms

  • Social Protection — ▪ 2006 Introduction With medical costs skyrocketing and government programs scaled back, citizens bore more responsibility for their health care costs; irregular migration, human trafficking, and migrant smuggling posed challenges for… …   Universalium

  • Bankruptcy in the United States — The United States Constitution (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4) authorizes Congress to enact uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States. Congress has exercised this authority several times since 1801, most recently… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.